Conclusion

19 Aug 2016 - 16:25 | Version 2 |

This chapter has provided an introduction to the legislative provisions framing some interactions with biodiversity in the ACT. Natural resource management, including biodiversity conservation, ranges from broad scale regional planning and management, to the micro-management of licences. The trend in law and policy is away from species-specific approaches to a more integrated and holistic planning and management approach that partially relies on conservation and sustainable development partnerships with community stakeholders for its success. An overarching objective in this approach is to ensure that sufficient habitat is available for species to ensure their survival. Dramatic and ambitious examples of the policy trend to bioregional and even continental-scale land use planning and connectivity, including the Australian Bush Heritage's 'Kosciuzsko to Coast' project, and the 'Great Eastern Ranges Initiative'. Connectivity is already recognised in numerous ACT policy documents, including the action plans adopted under the Nature Conservation Act.

Governments, industry, community groups, rural lessees and individuals can all contribute to protecting, restoring, monitoring and evaluating biodiversity in the ACT. Planning law and policy, governments' inter-governmental regional natural resource management framework, and the projects that are funded and implemented in partnership with community investment, are particularly important. The community's voluntary contributions through activities with Greening Australia, Parkcare, Landcare, Waterwatch and 'Friends of...' are also important. But so is living sustainably, advocating for sustainability during participatory policy development, and by using territory and Commonwealth legislation to protect biodiversity in the territory and region.

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Table 1: Uncommon, vulnerable, endangered and special protection status species and ecological communities protected in the ACT1 and their conservation status in New South Wales2 and the Commonwealth3

KEY

AP = Action Plan, as numbered in the disallowable instrument on the ACT Legislation

Register

CD = Conservation dependent#

CE = Critically endangered#

Cth = Australian Government jurisdiction

E = Endangered Ex = Extinct#

ExW = Extinct in the wild#

M = Listed as a migratory species under the EPBC Act

P = Provisional#

SPS1 = Special Protection Status in the ACT by virtue of an ACT listing of the species as threatened

SPS2 = Special Protection Status in the Act by virtue of a Commonwealth listing of the species as threatened under the EPBC Act. The list below does not include species that have Special Protection Status by virtue of being listed migratory species under the EPBC Act which may visit the ACT, unless they are also threatened listed species. This category includes species such as the Forktailed Swift, the White-bellied Sea-Eagle, the White-throated Needletail, the Rainbow Bee-eater, the Black-faced Monarch, the Satin Flycatcher, the Rufous Fantail, the Great Egret, the Cattle Egret, Latham's Snipe and the Eastern Osprey

UC = Uncommon or of conservation concern, as referred to in action plans4 V = Vulnerable

# At the time of publication no species were listed under these categories in the ACT

Native plants

Common name

Scientific name

ACT

Cth

NSW

AP

Yass Daisy

Ammobium

craspedioides

SPS2

V

V

-

Canberra Spider Orchid

Arachnorchis actensis

E, SPS1

CE

-

31

a shrub

Bossiaea grayi

E, SPS1

-

-

34

Mauve Burr-daisy

Calotis glandulosa

SPS2

V

V

28

Brindabella Midge

Corunastylis ectopa

Orchid

E, SPS1

CE

-

32

Emu-foot Cullen tenax

UC

-

-

27

Australian Anchor

Discaria pubescens

Plant

UC

-

-

27/29

Diuris

Wedge Diuris dendrobioides

UC

-

-

27

Golden Moths Diuris pedunculata

UC, SPS2

E

E

28

Diuris punctata var.

Purple Diuris punctata

UC

-

-

27

Dodonaea

Trailing Hop-bush procumbens

SPS2

V

V

28

Drabastrum

Mountain Cress alpestre

UC

-

-

29

Silver-leaved Mountain Eucalypus

Gum pulverulenta

SPS2

V

V

-

a subalpine herb

Gentiana baeuerlenii

E, SPS1

E

E

5

Yam Daisy

Microseris lanceolate

UC

-

-

27

Ginniderra Peppercress

Lepidium ginninderrense

E, SPS1

V

-

28

Aromatic Peppercress

Lepidium hyssopifolium

SPS2

E

E

-

Hairy Buttons

Leptorhynchos elongates

UC

-

-

27

Hoary Sunray (white form)

Leucochrysum albicans var.

tricolour

UC, SPS2

E

-

27

Austral Trefoil

Lotus australis

UC

-

-

27

Tuggeranong Lignum

Muehlenbeckia tuggeranong

E, SPS1

E

-

29

Omeo Stork's Bill

Pelargonium sp. Striatellum

SPS2

E

E

-

a milkwort

Polygala japonica

UC

-

-

27

Pale Pomaderris

Pomaderris pallida

UC, SPS2

V

V

29

a leek orchid

(sometimes known as

Tarengo Leek Orchid)

Prasophyllum petilum

E, SPS1

E

E

27/28

Blue-tongued Orchid

Pterostylis oreophila

SPS2

CE

CE

-

Button Wrinklewort

Rutidosis leptorhynchoides

E, SPS1

E

E

28

Wild Sorghum

Sorghum leiocladum

UC

-

-

27

Mountain Swainsonpea

Swainsona monticola

UC

-

-

27

Small Purple Pea

Swainsona recta

E, SPS1

E

E

27

Silky Swainson-pea

Swainsona sericea

UC

-

V

27

Austral Toadflax

Thesium australe

UC

V

V

27

Zornia

Zornia dictiocarpia

UC

-

-

27

Native birds

Common name

Scientific name

ACT

Cth

NSW

AP

Dusky Woodswallow

Artamus cyanopterus

UC

-

-

27

Australasian Bittern

Botaurus poiciloptilus

SPS2

E

E

-

Gang-Gang Cockatoo

(faunal emblem of the

ACT)

Callocephalon fimbriatum

-

-

V

-

Glossy Black-cockatoo

Calyptorhynchus lathami

V, SPS1

E

V

33

Brown Treecreeper

Climacteris picumnus

V, SPS1

-

V

27

Varied Sitella

Daphoenositta chrysoptera

V, SPS1

-

V

27

Diamond Firetail

Emblema guttatum

UC

-

-

27

White-fronted Chat

Ephthianura albifrons

UC

-

V

27

Crested Shrike-tit

Falcunculus frontatus

UC

-

-

27

Painted Honeyeater

Grantiella picta

V, SPS1

V

V

27/29

Little Eagle

Hieraaetus morphnoides

V, SPS1

-

V

35

White-winged Triller

Lalage sueurii

V, SPS1

-

-

27

Swift Parrot

Lathamus discolor

V, SPS1

E

E

27

Hooded Robin

Melanodryas cucullata

V, SPS1

-

V

27

Jacky Winter

Microeca fascinans

UC

-

-

27

Barking Owl

Ninox connivens

UC

-

V

27

Scarlet Robin

Petroica mulitcolor

V, SPS1

-

V

27

Flame Robin

Petroica phoenicea

UC

-

V

27

Superb Parrot

Polytelis swainsonii

V, SPS1

V

V

27

Speckled Warbler

Sericornis sagittatus

UC

-

V

27

Australian Painted Snipe

Rostratula australis

SPS2

E, M

E

-

Regent Honeyeater

Xanthomyza Phrygia

E, SPS1

CE

CE

27

Native mammals

Common name

Scientific name

ACT

Cth

NSW

AP

Spotted-tailed Quoll

Dasyurus maculatus

V, SPS1

E

V

30

Brush-tailed Rockwallaby

Petrogale penicillata

E, SPS1

V

E

22

Smoky Mouse

Pseudomys fumeus

E, SPS1

E

CE

23

Squirrel Glider

Petaurus norfolcensis

UC

-

V

27

Koala

Phascolarctos cinereus

SPS2

V

V

27

Long-nosed Potoroo

Potorous tridactylus tridactylus

SPS2

V

V

-

Grey-headed Flying-fox

Pteropus poliocephalus

SPS2

V

V

-

Native reptiles

Common name

Scientific name

ACT

Cth

NSW

AP

Pink-tailed Worm Lizard

Aprasia parapulchella

V, SPS1

V

V

29

Striped Legless Lizard

Delma impar

V, SPS1

V

V

28

Black-headed snake

Suta spectabilis dwyeri

UC

-

-

27

Shingleback Lizard

Trachydosaurus rugosus

UC

-

-

27

Grassland Earless Dragon

Tympanocryptis pinguicolla

E, SPS1

E

E

28

Lace Monitor

Varanus varius

UC

-

-

27

Native frogs

Common name

Scientific name

ACT

Cth

NSW

AP

Booroolong Frog

Litoria

booroolongensis

SPS2

E

E

-

Yellow-spotted Tree Frog

Litoria castanea

SPS2

E

CE

-

Southern Bell Frog

Litoria raniformis

SPS2

V

E

-

Alpine Tree Frog

Litoria verreau

SPS2

V

E

-

Brown Toadlet

Pseudophryne

bibronii

UC

-

-

27

Northern Corroboree Frog

Pseudophryne

pengilleyi

E, SPS1

CE

CE

6

Native fish and crustaceans

Common name

Scientific name

ACT

Cth

NSW

AP

Silver Perch

Bidyanus bidyanus

E, SPS [1]

CE

V

29

Two-spined Blackfish

Gadopsis bispinosus

V, SPS1

-

-

29

Trout Cod

Maccullochella macquariensis

E, SPS1

E

E

29

Murray Cod

Maccullochella peelii

SPS [2] [3]

V

-

29

Macquarie Perch

Macquaria australasica

E, SPS1

E

E

29

Murray River Crayfish

Euastacus armatus

V, SPS1

-

-

29

Native invertebrates

Common name

Scientific name

ACT

Cth

NSW

AP

Key's Matchstick Grasshopper

Keyacris scurra

UC

-

-

27

Golden Sun Moth Synemon plana

E, SPS1

CE

E

Ecological community

Common name Scientific name*

*ACT

Cth

NSW

AP

Natural Temperate Grassland

E

E 5

-

28

Yellow Box/Red Gum Grassy Woodland

E

CE 6

E

27

Perunga Grasshopper Perunga ochracea V, SPS1 - -

4 S pecies mentioned in Action Plan. Nature Conservation (Threatened Ecological Communities and

Species) Action Plan 2004 (No 1) (Action Plan 27); Nature Conservation (Threatened Ecological Communities and Species) Action Plan 2005 (No 1) (Action Plan 28); Nature Conservation (Threatened Ecological Communities and Species) Action Plan 2007 (No 1) (Action Plan 29).

5 Natural Temperate Grassland of the Southern Tablelands of NSW and the ACT.

6 W hite Box-Yellow Box-Blakely's Red Gum Woodland (as described in the final determination of the Scientific Committee to list the ecological community).


[1] Nature Conservation Threatened Native Species List 2015 (NI 2015-438); Nature Conservation Threatened Ecological Communities List (NI 2015--437).

[2] Threatened Species Conservation Act 1995 (NSW); Fisheries Management Act 1994 (NSW); see also the NSW Threatened species profile search available at http://www.environment.nsw.gov.au/ threatenedspeciesapp/.

[3] EPBC Act List of Threatened Flora; EPBC Act List of Threatened Fauna; EPBC List of Migratory Species: searchable at http://www.environment.gov.au/cgi-bin/sprat/public/sprat.pl.

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