Real Property Law


  • In Australia, interests in land are regulated by statutes in each State and Territory that establish a registry of land title based on the Torrens system, supplemented by common law principles. Nowadays, transfers of land occur electronically through a process known as "e-conveyancing".


  • Under the Electronic Conveyancing National Law, all conveyancing transactions in NSW must be undertaken through an online settlement platform (e-conveyancing) operated by an Electronic Lodgement Network Operator, such as PEXA. Key features of the platform include:
    • Funds of purchasers can be transferred into the selected account of the vendor quickly and with ease and facilitates the timely transfer of the property.
    • Removal of need for deeds, bank cheques and other administrative requirements, which improves the efficiency of practices for the purchaser.
    • Lawyers can now sign transfers on behalf of clients.

Conveyancing Act 1919 (NSW)

Real Property Act 1900 (NSW)

Electronic Conveyancing National Law

  • Under legal profession rules, such as the Legal Profession Uniform Law , which applies in NSW and Victoria, lawyers must adhere to strict obligations regarding the receipt and handling of trust money, even though the money is dealt with electronically.

Regulatory & Policy Framework

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